Mutual Aid; a factor of evolution

Mutual Aid; a factor of evolution Book Details

By Petr Alekseevich Kropotkin

  • Category: Social Science, Books, Nonfiction
  • Type: ebook
  • Release Date: 1921-01-01
  • Author: Petr Alekseevich Kropotkin
  • Book Ratings: 5/5 (7 User Reviews)
Score Ratings: 5
Based on 7 User Reviews

Get a Copy :



Mutual Aid; a factor of evolution Summary

Written partly in response to Social Darwinism and in particular his experiences in scientific expeditions in Siberia to illustrate the phenomenon of cooperation. After examining the evidence of cooperation in nonhuman animals, pre-feudal societies, in medieval cities, and in modern times, he concludes that cooperation and mutual aid are the most important factors in the evolution of the species and the ability to survive.